Countless leading gyms and equipment providers in the fitness industry have been focusing time and research on functional training systems, equipment and programmes etc. and rightly so as functional training is hugely popular due to the results it has been proven to deliver.

As fitness flooring specialists Origin Fitness can offer some brilliant flooring solutions that can help improve and develop the functional training offering in your gym. These solutions include fully customisable line markings and functional training aides, which are increasing in popularity, but the question our customers keep asking is; “Once I've got all these floor markings and designs, what is it I'm supposed to do with them?”

Therefore, we've come up with this guide, to help you get the most of your functional floor markings or to inform the decision you make when customising your gym flooring products. Here's a list of our favourite functional floor marking styles and an explanation as to how you can use them for yourself and your clients.


1. Dots

Dots, or spots, are a type of marking that seems really simple and straightforward, but it’s not until you really think about it that you realise that to utilise them properly takes a bit of imagination.

The simplest way of incorporating them into training is using core strength exercises. To do this, you can essentially treat the dots like those in a giant game of Twister, hands and feet can be forced into various positions while engaging the core to hold a secure position whether this is using set movement combinations or variations on plank, press-up or stretching positions.

Another idea would be to use spots for ‘fast-feet’ exercises or agility and speed movements that are commonplace in many sport specific warm-ups and conditioning circuits. They could also be useful in boxing or martial arts areas, to help beginners learn the correct body positioning and footwork patterns in relation to a partner with pads or a punch-bag. Alternatively, spots could be used in a child friendly area so that they could be incorporated into general warm-up/fitness games.


2. Lines

The key function of simple linear ladder markings would normally be to measure the distance between the user and some piece of equipment in order to make sure you’re working in the best position. A couple of examples of this would be in an area where there is a suspension system, cable machine or resistance band workout taking place.

The lines can be used to measure the progression or breaking down of suspension training exercises. If the user is performing a TRX press up with their hands in the straps and they move their foot position one line further back from the TRX centre axis then more of their weight is put on the unstable handles, thus increasing the difficulty and level of core stability required.

The same principle could be used for helping teach users where exactly they should be standing when using resistance bands attached to a fixed point, cable or pulley machine.


3. Grids

Another simple but effective design can be the grid layout which consists of possibly a 2x2, 3x3 or even larger square. Like spots, dots and compasses this design allows you to create very flexible and challenging core workouts. For example the different squares or lines within the grid can be used to mark hand and foot positioning when doing planks, press ups, squat thrusts and other bodyweight movements. However two key pieces of functional equipment that lend themselves to being used with a grid design are powerbags and aerobic steps.

When an aerobic step is placed in the centre of a 3x3 grid, it gives the instructor 6 distinct areas around the step that can be named or numbered to assist with the description of movements.

The same applies when you are doing powerbag or sandbag work. The grid system can help indicate body position and where the user should be aiming to place/slam or drop the bag. An example would be placing the bag down in the centre of the grid and performing lateral jumps back and forwards.

4. Compass

The function of a compass marking would generally be similar to the grid we’ve just mentioned. For exercises where there are lots of twisting and rotational movements it can offer more detailed guides to the user about the angles and positions their body should be in. ViPR loaded movement training is a type of exercise that utilises these rotational, lateral and medial movements which, can be assisted in the early stages with a compass as a reference point on the floor.

In the world of functional training, tools like these can be very useful because of the strong bodyweight and dynamic focus of many exercises. Underneath suspension training stations these can be ideal for marking out foot and hand positions and the progressions users can make by changing these.


5. Sprint Track

The sprint track is something that, despite the name, is probably not frequently for sprinting in a gym environment. More common uses of a sprint track, within a functional gym, would be for walking exercises like lunges or farmer’s walks to mark out the route for safety. Depending on the flooring type, a sprint track might also be used for sled work or tyre flips, again to mark out a safe route and distance for the user. There are a host of dynamic stretching and plyometric exercises that a sprint track is an ideal space for but for the majority of facilities, that have installed this type of design, it is used as a way to designate floor space for exercises that require extra room for movement.


Other essential markings: Distance Measurement and Ladders

Measurement markings can be made on the floor to allow trainers to measure progression in areas like flexibility and explosivity. As well as using markings to assess general strength and stability in different positions, trainers can make use of specific markings to give an indication of progression in tests such as standing long jump and the two and three hop tests for horizontal power. In a sport specific or sports science focussed environment coaches might undertake these on a regular basis, as well as various upper body strength and power tests that involve measuring maximum throwing or pushing distances.

Ladders are a great training tool for sports where agility plays a big role. Football, tennis and basketball are only a few examples of sports in which using agility ladders to practice fast feet exercises are used on a regular basis. Markings on the floor save space when it comes to setting up and taking down this type of equipment. They can also be a great indicator for positioning of similar pieces of kit like mini hurdles making sure they are all spaced evenly.


Other Uses

Although it’s not exactly related to a specific exercise, the designs printed on a functional floor space can be used to separate a space into distinct zones or areas; a sprint track is ideal for cordoning off an area which might be used for exercises that are dangerous to other gym users, for example medicine ball, kettlebell, power rope or swinging powerbag movements. In general all markings can be used to designate spaces and maintain order and safety in an open, unsupervised gym space where functional exercises are encouraged.

Special Flooring Types

In addition to functional markings being used as aids for specific exercises the same can be said for special flooring types. An incredible popular addition to many CrossFit boxes, or functional training areas, is an artificial turf track that can be used for pushing heavy prowlers or sleds along without causing damage to the flooring or equipment. The same can be said for high impact rubber floor tiles which are ideal for kettlebell areas or CrossFit spaces where there will be Olympic lifting going on, but not necessarily on purpose made platforms. Stretching spaces are another popular zone which can be created using specific floor types. Either simple matting or softer EVA floor tiles can make it an inviting area for sitting down to stretch as part of a warm up/cool down or a flexibility workout.